2007 Ohio Fire Code

First Printing

ISBN-13: 13-978-1-58001-567-7
ISBN-10: 978-1-58001-567-7

Publication Date: August 2007

COPYRIGHT© 2007

by

INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL, INC.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This 2007 Ohio Fire Code contains substantial copyrighted material from the 2006 International Fire
Code, First Printing, which is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc. Without advance written permis-
sion from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means,
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Trademarks: “International Code Council,” the “International Code Council” logo and the “International Fire Code” are trademarks
of the International Code Council, Inc.

PRINTED IN THE U.S.A.

PREFACE

Introduction

Internationally, code officials recognize the need for a modem, up-to-date fire code addressing conditions hazardous to life and prop-
erty from fire, explosion, handling or use of hazardous materials and the use and occupancy of buildings and premises. The Ohio Fire
Code is designed to meet these needs through model code regulations that safeguard the pubUc health and safety in all communities,
large and small.

This comprehensive fire code contains the Ohio Administrative Code Rules that comprise the Ohio Fire Code. These administra-
tive rules became effective on July 1, 2007. The Ohio Fire Code is a code of statewide applicability that consists of rules relating to
all aspects of fire safety and other matters regulated by the State Fire Marshal’s office of Ohio. The Ohio Fire Code establishes the
minimum standards for safeguarding life and property from fire and explosion in Ohio. In promulgating the Ohio Fire Code, the
State Fire Marshal of Ohio, per Ohio Revised Code Section 3737.82, must include rules relating to: the movable contents of any
building, or class of buildings; the tiansportation, storage, location and use of flammable and explosive materials; the procedures to
be employed by persons in the event of fire; the installation and location of fire protection equipment; rules applicable to par-
ticular classes of existing buildings or structures as the use and occupancy of such buildings or structures suggest are neces-
sary; and other similar matters. The Ohio Fire Code as promulgated is enforceable by the State Fire Marshal, Assistant State Fire
Marshals and/or certified fire safety inspectors working for a duly constituted municipal or township fire department in Ohio.

The Ohio Fire Code is based on the International Fire Code (2006 Edition), as amended by the State Fire Marshal of Ohio. The Ohio
Fire Code is designed to be compatible with the portions of the Ohio Building Code that are based upon the International Building Code
(2006 Edition). The Ohio Fire Code is also compatible with aU of the International Codes (“I-Codes”) published by the International
Code Council (“ICC”), including the International Building Code, International Code Council Electrical Code Administrative Provi-
sions, International Energy Conservation Code, International Existing Building Code, International Fuel Gas Code, International
Mechanical Code, ICC Performance Code, International Plumbing Code, International Private Sewage Disposal Code, International
Property Maintenance Code, International Residential Code, International Urban-Wildland Interface Code and International Zoning
Code, many of which have been specifically adopted for use in Ohio. As the Ohio Fire Code is based on the International Fire Code (2006
Edition) and it is enforceable by local fire officials, it also encourages statewide consistency in the appUcation of its provisions.

Maintenance

The State Fire Marshal of Ohio, through its involvement in the national model code development process, works with the other fire
code officials and regulated industry members to submit proposed changes to the International Fire Code development process and
to update the Ohio Fire Code in accordance with all of the changes to the International Fire Code. Interested parties can also submit
proposed changes to the Ohio Fire Code to the State Fire Marshal of Ohio in accordance with the provisions of the Ohio Revised
Code and Rule 1 of the Ohio Fire Code.

Letter Designations in Front of Section Numbers

In each code development cycle, proposed changes to this code are considered at the Code Development Hearing by the Interna-
tional Fire Code Development Committee, whose action constitutes a recommendation to the voting membership for final action on
the proposed change. Proposed changes to a code section whose number begins with a letter in brackets are considered by a different
code development committee. For instance, proposed changes to code sections which have the letter [P] in front (e.g. [P] 912.5), are
considered by the International Plumbing Code Development Committee at the Code Development Hearing. Where this designa-
tion is applicable to the entire content of a main section of the code, the designation appears at tiie main section number and title and
is not repeated at every subsection in that section.

The content of sections in this code which begin with a letter designation are maintained by another code development committee
in accordance with the following: [B]= International Building Code Development Committee; [EB] = International Existing Build-
ing Code Development Committee; [M] = International Mechanical Code Development Committee; [P] = International Plumbing
Code Development Committee. The italicized text is:

1) The law of Ohio and it is to be given equal weight with nonitalicized text.

2) It is “Ohioized” language, meaning that it contains provisions written by the State Fire Marshal of Ohio specifically for applica-
tion in Ohio that are substantively different than the suggested model code text for those particular sections.

l\/larginal l\/iarl(ings

Single vertical lines in the margins within the body of the code indicate an ICC technical change from the requirements of the 2003
edition of the code. Deletion indicators (■♦) are provided in the margin where a paragraph or item has been deleted by the ICC from

the 2003 edition, while > indicates language deleted by Ohio. Double vertical lines in the margins indicate an Ohio amendment has
been made to the 2006 ICC model code text or to the 2005 Ohio edition of the code.

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE iii

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

RULE 1 ADMINISTRATION 1

Section

(A)lOl General 1

(B)102 Applicability 1

(C)103 Fire Code within a Political Subdivision 2

(D)104 General Authority and Responsibilities 2

(E)105 Permits 4

(F)106 Inspections 7

(G)107 Maintenance 7

(H)108 Appeal of Orders 8

(1)109 Violations 8

(J)llO Unsafe Buildings 9

(K)lll Stop Work Order 9

(L)l 12 Fire Marshal Permits and Inspection Fees …. 9

(M)l 13 Amendments to the Fire Code 10

(N)l 14 Notice of Public Hearing 10

(0)115 Research Reports and

Testing Laboratories 10

(P)l 16 Flammability of Consumer Goods 11

(Q)l 17 Procedure in the Event of Fire 11

(R)l 18 Hotel and SRO Facility License 11

(S)l 19 Small Government Fire Department

Services Revolving Loan Program 15

(T)120 Volunteer Fire Department Grants 16

(U)121 Fire Department Training and

Equipment Grants 17

(V)122 Fire Department Fire Reporting Grants 18

( W) 123 Declaration Regarding Material Assistance/

Non- Assistance to Terrorist Organization. . . 19

Appendix A 21

RULE 2 DEFINITIONS 27

Section

(A)201 General 27

(B)202 General Definitions 27

RULE 3 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS

AGAINST FIRE 45

Section

(A)301 General 45

(B)302 Definitions 45

(C)303 Asphalt Kettles 45

(D)304 Combustible Waste Material 45

(E)305 Ignition Sources 46

(F)306 Motion Picture Film and Screens 46

(G)307 Open Burning and Recreational Fires 46

(H)308 Open Flames 47

(1)309 Powered Industrial Trucks 49

(1)310 Smoking 49

(K)31 1 Vacant Premises 50

(L)312 Vehicle Impact Protection 51

(M)313 Fueled Equipment 51

(N)314 Indoor Displays 51

(0)3 1 5 Miscellaneous Combustible

Materials Storage 51

(P)316 Laboratories Using Chemicals 52

RULE 4 EMERGENCY PLANNING AND

PREPAREDNESS 53

Section

(A)401 General 53

(B)402 Definitions 53

(C)403 Public Assemblages and Events 53

(D)404 Fire Safety and Evacuation Plans 53

(E)405 Emergency Evacuation Drills 54

(F)406 Employee Training and Response

Procedures 55

(G)407 Hazard Communication 56

(H)408 Use and Occupancy-Related

Requirements 56

(1)409 Tornado Shelters in Schools 59

RULE 5 FIRE SERVICE FEATURES 61

Section

(A)501 General 61

(B)502 Definitions 61

(C)503 Fire Apparatus Access Roads 61

(D)504 Access to Building Openings and Roofs …. 62

(E)505 Premises Identification 62

(F)506 Key Boxes 62

(G)507 Hazards to Fire Fighters 63

(H)508 Fire Protection Water Supplies 63

(1)509 Fire Command Center 64

(J)510 Fire Department Access to Equipment 64

RULE 6 BUILDING SERVICES AND SYSTEMS . 65

Section

(A)601 General 65

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(B)602 Definitions 65

(C)603 Fuel-Fired Appliances 65

(D)604 Emergency and Standby Power Systems …. 68

(E)605 Electrical Equipment, Wiring and Hazards . . 71

(F)606 Mechanical Refrigeration 72

(G)607 Elevator Recall and Maintenance 74

(H)608 Stationary Storage Battery Systems 74

(1)609 Commercial Kitchen Hoods 76

RULE 7 FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED

CONSTRUCTION 77

Section

(A)701 General 77

(B)702 Definitions 77

(C)703 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction 77

(D)704 Floor Openings and Shafts 77

RULE 8 INTERIOR FINISH, DECORATIVE

MATERIALS AND FURNISHINGS 79

Section

(A)801 General 79

(B)802 Definitions 79

(C)803 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish and

Trim in Existing Buildings 79

(D)804 Interior Wall and Ceiling Trim in New

and Existing Buildings 82

(E)805 Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses

in New and Existing Buildings 82

(F)806 Decorative Vegetation in New

and Existing Buildings 85

(G)807 Decorative Materials Other than

Decorative Vegetation in New and

Existing Buildings 85

(H)808 Furnishings Other Than Upholstered

Furniture and Mattresses or Decorative
Materials in New and Existing Buildings … 87

RULE 9 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 89

Section

(A)901 General 89

(B)902 Definitions 91

(C)903 Automatic Sprinkler Systems 93

(D)904 Alternative Automatic Fire-Extinguishing

Systems 99

(E)905 Standpipe Systems 102

(F)906 Portable Fire Extinguishers 104

(G)907 Fire Alarm and Detection Systems 106

(H)908 Emergency Alarm Systems 116

(1)909 Smoke Control Systems 116

(J)910 Smoke and Heat Vents 122

(K)91 1 Explosion Control 124

(L)912 Fire Department Connections 126

(M)913 Fire Pumps 126

(N)914 Fire Protection Based on Special

Detailed Requirements of Use and
Occupancy 127

(0)915 Fire Protection and Fire Fighting

Equipment Certification 129

RULE 10 MEANS OF EGRESS 133

Section

(A)lOOl General 133

(B)1002 Definitions 133

(C)1003 General Means of Egress 134

(D)1004 Occupant Load 135

(E)1005 Egress Width 137

(F)1006 Means of Egress Illumination 137

(G)1007 Accessible Means of Egress 138

(H)1008 Doors, Gates and Turnstiles 140

(1)1009 Stairways and Handrails 146

(J)IOIO Ramps 148

(K)lOll Exit Signs 149

(L)1012 Handrails 150

(M)1013 Guards 151

(N)1014 Exit Access 151

(0)1015 Exit and Exit Doorways 153

(P)1016 Exit Access Travel Distance 155

(Q)1017 Corridors 155

(R)1018 Exits 157

(S)1019 Number of Exits and Continuity 157

(T)1020 Vertical Exit Enclosures 157

(U)1021 Exit Passageways 159

(V)1022 Horizontal Exits 160

(W)1023 Exterior Exit Ramps and Stairways 160

(X)1024 Exit Discharge 161

(Y)1025 Assembly 162

(Z)1026 Emergency Escape and Rescue 167

(AA)1027 Means of Egress for Existing Buildings. . . . 168
(BB)1028 Maintenance of the Means of Egress 172

RULE 11 AVIATION FACILITIES 175

Section

(A)llOl General 175

(B)1102 Definitions 175

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(C)l 103 General Precautions 175

(D)l 104 Aircraft Maintenance 175

(E)l 105 Portable Fire Extinguishers 176

(F)l 106 Aircraft Fueling 176

(G)l 107 Helistops and Heliports 181

RULE 12 DRY CLEANING 183

Section

(A)1201 General 183

(B)1202 Definitions 183

(C)1203 Classifications 183

(D)1204 General Requirements 183

(E)1205 Operating Requirements 184

(F)1206 Spotting and Pretreating 184

(G)1207 Dry Cleaning Systems 185

(H)1208 Fire Protection 185

RULE 13 COMBUSTIBLE DUST-PRODUCING

OPERATIONS 187

Section

(A)1301 General 187

(B)1302 Definitions 187

(C)1303 Precautions 187

(D)1304 Explosion Protection 187

RULE 14 FIRE SAFETY DURING CONSTRUCTION
AND DEMOLITION 189

Section

(A)1401 General 189

(B)1402 Definitions 189

(C)1403 Temporary Heating Equipment 189

(D)1404 Precautions Against Fire 189

(E)1405 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 189

(F)1406 Flammable Gases 190

(G)1407 Explosive Materials 190

(H)1408 Owner’s Responsibility for Fire Protection . . 190

(1)1409 Fire Alarm Reporting 190

(J)1410 Access for Fire Fighting 190

(K)141 1 Means of Egress 190

(L)1412 Water Supply for Fire Protection 191

(M)1413 Standpipes 191

(N)1414 Automatic Sprinkler System 191

(0)1415 Portable Fire Extinguishers 191

(P)1416 Motorized Equipment 191

(Q)1417 Safeguarding Roofing Operations 191

RULE 15 FLAMMABLE FINISHES 193

Section

(A)1501 General 193

(B)1502 Definitions 193

(C)1503 Protection of Operations 194

(D)1504 Spray Finishing 195

(E)1505 Dipping Operations 199

(F)1506 Powder Coating 200

(G)1507 Electrostatic Apparatus 201

(H)1508 Organic Peroxides and Dual-Component

Coatings 202

(1)1509 Indoor Manufacturing of Reinforced

Plastics 202

(J) 15 10 Floor Surfacing and Finishing Operations . . 203

RULE 16 FRUIT AND CROP RIPENING 205

Section

(A)1601 General 205

(B)1602 Definitions 205

(C)1603 Ethylene Gas 205

(D)1604 Sources of Ignition 205

(E)1605 Combustible Waste 205

(F)1606 Ethylene Generators 205

(G)1607 Warning Signs 205

RULE 17 FUMIGATION AND THERMAL

INSECTICIDAL FOGGING 207

Section

(A)1701 General 207

(B)1702 Definitions 207

(C)1703 Fire Safety Requirements 207

RULE 18 SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION

FACILITIES 209

Section

(A)1801 General 209

(B)1802 Definitions 209

(C)1803 General Safety Provisions 209

(D)1804 Storage 214

(E)1805 Use and Handling 216

RULE 19 LUMBER YARDS AND WOODWORKING
FACILITIES 219

Section

(A)1901 General 219

(B)1902 Definitions 219

(C)1903 General Requirements 219

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

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(D)1904 Fire Protection 220

(E)1905 Plywood, Veneer and Composite Board

Mills 220

(F)1906 Log Storage Areas 220

(G) 1 907 Storage of Wood Chips and Hogged

Material in Association With Timber

and Lumber Production Facilities 220

(H)1908 Storage and Processing of Wood Chips,
Hogged Material, Fines, Compost and
Raw Product Associated With Yard
Waste and Recycling Facilities 220

(1)1909 Exterior Storage of Finished Lumber

Products 221

RULE 20 MANUFACTURE OF ORGANIC

COATINGS 223

Section

(A)2001 General 223

(B)2002 Definitions 223

(C)2003 General Precautions 223

(D)2004 Electrical Equipment and Protection 223

(E)2005 Process Structures 224

(F)2006 Process Mills and Kettles 224

(G)2007 Process Piping 224

(H)2008 Raw Materials in Process Areas 225

(1)2009 Raw Materials and Finished Products 225

RULE 21 INDUSTRIAL OVENS 227

Section

(A)2101 General 227

(B)2102 Definitions 227

(C)2103 Location 227

(D)2104 Fuel Piping 227

(E)2105 Interlocks 227

(F)2106 Fire Protecfion 228

(G)2107 Operation and Maintenance 228

RULE 22 MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING
FACILITIES AND REPAIR
GARAGES 229

Section

(A)2201 General 229

(B)2202 Definitions 229

(C)2203 Location of Dispensing Devices 230

(D)2204 Dispensing Operations 230

(E)2205 Operational Requirements 232

(F)2206 Flammable and Combustible Liquid Motor

Fuel-Dispensing Facilities 233

(G)2207 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Motor

Fuel-Dispensing Facilities 237

(H)2208 Compressed Natural Gas Motor

Fuel-Dispensing Facilities 238

(1)2209 Hydrogen Motor Fuel-Dispensing and

Generation Facilities 239

(J)2210 Marine Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities . . 244

(K)2211 Repair Garages 245

(L)22 1 2 Service Station at a Bulk Plant

or Terminal 248

RULE 23 HIGH-PILED COMBUSTIBLE

STORAGE 249

Section

(A)2301 General 249

(B)2302 Definitions 249

(C)2303 Commodity Classification 250

(D)2304 Designation of High-Piled Storage Areas . . 253

(E)2305 Housekeeping and Maintenance 253

(F)2306 General Fire Protection and Life Safety

Features 253

(G)2307 Solid-Piled and Shelf Storage 256

(H)2308 Rack Storage 256

(1)2309 Automated Storage 256

(J)2310 Specialty Storage 257

RULE 24 TENTS AND OTHER MEMBRANE

STRUCTURES 259

Section

(A)2401 General 259

(B)2402 Definitions 259

(C)2403 Temporary Tents, Canopies and

Membrane Structures 259

(D)2404 Temporary and Permanent Tents,

Canopies and Membrane Structures 261

RULE 25 TIRE REBUILDING AND

TIRE STORAGE 265

Section

(A)2501 General 265

(B)2502 Definitions 265

(C)2503 Tire Rebuilding 265

(D)2504 Precautions Against Fire 265

(E)2505 Outdoor Storage 265

(F)2506 Fire Department Access 266

(G)2507 Fencing 266

(H)2508 Fire Protection 266

(1)2509 Indoor Storage Arrangement 266

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

RULE 26 WELDING AND OTHER

HOT WORK 267

Section

(A)2601 General 267

(B)2602 Definitions 267

(C)2603 General Requirements 267

(D)2604 Fire Safety Requirements 268

(E)2605 Gas Welding and Cutting 269

(F)2606 Electric Arc Hot Work 269

(G)2607 Calcium Carbide Systems 269

(H)2608 Acetylene Generators 269

(1)2609 Piping Manifolds and Hose Systems for

Fuel Gases and Oxygen 269

RULE 27 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS-
GENERAL PROVISIONS 271

Section

(A)2701 General 271

(B)2702 Definitions 273

(C)2703 General Requirements 276

(D)2704 Storage 289

(E)2705 Use, Dispensing and Handling 293

RULE 28 AEROSOLS 297

Section

(A)2801 General 297

(B)2802 Definitions 297

(C)2803 Classification of Aerosol Products 297

(D)2804 Inside Storage of Aerosol Products 297

(E)2805 Outside Storage 299

(F)2806 Retail Display 300

(G)2807 Manufacturing Facilities 301

RULE 29 COMBUSTIBLE FIBERS 303

Section

(A)2901 General 303

(B)2902 Definitions 303

(C)2903 General Precautions 303

(D)2904 Loose Fiber Storage 303

(E)2905 Baled Storage 304

RULE 30 COMPRESSED GASES 305

Section

(A)3001 General 305

(B)3002 Definitions 305

(C)3003 General Requirements 305

(D)3004 Storage of Compressed Gases 309

(E)3005 Use and Handling of Compressed Gases . . . 309

(F)3006 Medical Gas Systems 310

(G)3007 Compressed Gases Not Otherwise

Regulated 310

RULE 31 CORROSIVE MATERIALS 311

Section

(A)3101 General 311

(B)3102 Definitions 311

(C)3103 General Requirements 311

(D)3104 Storage 311

(E)3105 Use 311

RULE 32 CRYOGENIC FLUIDS 313

Section

(A)3201 General 313

(B)3202 Definitions 313

(C)3203 General Requirements 313

(D)3204 Storage 316

(E)3205 Use and Handling 317

RULE 33 EXPLOSIVES AND FIREWORKS 319

Section

(A)3301 General 319

(B)3302 Definitions 323

(C)3303 Record Keeping and Reporting 327

(D)3304 Explosive Materials Storage and Handling . . 328

(E)3305 Manufacture, Assembly and Testing
of Explosives, Explosive Materials
and Fireworks 334

(F)3306 Small Arms Ammunition 336

(G)3307 Blasting 338

(H)3308 Fireworks Exhibifion 339

(1)3309 Shipping and Transportation 341

(J)3310 Storage of Fireworks at Exhibition Site …. 342

(K)331 1 Pyrotechnic and Special Effects

Exhibition Permit 342

(L)3312 Flame Effects Permit 343

(M)3313 Operational Requirements 343

(N)3314 Testing of Fireworks for Classification …. 344

(0)3315 Fireworks Labeling 344

(P)3316 General Requirements for Licensure

Application and License 345

(Q)3317 Requirements for Manufacturers

and Wholesalers 346

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(R)33 1 8 Fingerprint and Insurance Requirements
for Manufacturers and Wholesalers
of Fireworks 347

(S)3319 Requirements for Out-of-State

Shipping Permit 348

(T)3320 Requirements for an Exhibitor’s License. . . 348

(U)3321 Fire Safety Requirements in Buildings ….351

(V)3322 Fireworks Storage 352

(W)3323 Fireworks Showroom 352

(X)3324 Fireworks Wholesale and Retail

Business Hours 354

(Y)3325 Storage Locations 355

(Z)3326 Sale of Fireworks 356

(AA)3327 Sales from Motor Vehicles 356

Appendix Checklist for the Outdoor Exhibition

of Fireworks 357

RULE 34 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE

LIQUIDS 361

Section

(A)3401 General 361

(B)3402 Definitions 361

(C)3403 General Requirements 362

(D)3404 Storage 367

(E)3405 Dispensing, Use, Mixing and Handling …. 388

(F)3406 Special Operations 394

RULE 35 FLAMMABLE GASES 405

Section

(A)3501 General 405

(B)3502 Definitions 405

(C)3503 General Requirements 405

(D)3504 Storage 406

(E)3505 Use 406

RULE 36 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS 407

Section

(A)3601 General 407

(B)3602 Definifions 407

(C)3603 General Requirements 407

(D)3604 Storage 407

(E)3605 Use 407

(F)3606 Magnesium 407

RULE 37 HIGHLY TOXIC AND

TOXIC MATERIALS 411

Section

(A)3701 General 411

(B)3702 Definifions 411

(C)3703 Highly Toxic and Toxic Solids

and Liquids 412

(D)3704 Highly Toxic and Toxic

Compressed Gases 413

(E)3705 Ozone Gas Generators 417

RULE 38 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM

GASES 419

Section

(A)3801 General 419

(B)3802 Definitions 419

(C)3803 Installation of Equipment 419

(D)3804 Locafion of Containers 420

(E)3805 Prohibited Use of LP-Gas 421

(F)3806 Dispensing and Overfilling 421

(G)3807 Safety Precaufions and Devices 421

(H)3808 Fire Protecfion 422

(1)3809 Storage of Portable LP-Gas Containers

Awaiting Use or Resale 422

(J)3810 Containers Not in Service 423

(K)381 1 Parking and Garaging 424

(L)3812 Inspection of DOTn Cylinders 424

RULE 39 ORGANIC PEROXIDES 425

Section

(A)3901 General 425

(B)3902 Definitions 425

(C)3903 General Requirements 425

(D)3904 Storage 425

(E)3905 Use 427

RULE 40 OXIDIZERS 429

Section

(A)4001 General 429

(B)4002 Definitions 429

(C)4003 General Requirements 429

(D)4004 Storage 430

(E)4005 Use 432

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

RULE 41 PYROPHORIC MATERIALS 433

Section

(A)4101 General 433

(B)4102 Definitions 433

(C)4103 General Requirements 433

(D)4104 Storage 433

(E)4105 Use 434

(F)4106 Silane Gas 434

RULE 42 PYROXYLIN (CELLULOSE

NITRATE) PLASTICS 437

(A)4201 General 437

(B)4202 Definitions 437

(C)4203 General Requirements 437

(D)4204 Storage and Handling 437

RULE 43 UNSTABLE (REACTIVE)

MATERIALS 439

Section

(A)4301 General 439

(B)4302 Definitions 439

(C)4303 General Requirements 439

(D)4304 Storage 440

(E)4305 Use 440

RULE 44 WATER-REACTIVE SOLIDS

AND LIQUIDS 441

Section

(A)4401 General 441

(B)4402 Definitions 441

(C)4403 General Requirements 441

(D)4404 Storage 441

(E)4405 Use 442

RULE 45 REFERENCED STANDARDS 443

APPENDIX A BOARD OF APPEALS 451

Section

AlOl General 451

APPENDIX B FIRE-FLOW REQUIREMENTS

FOR BUILDINGS 453

Section

BlOl General 453

B102 Definitions 453

B103 Modifications 453

B 104 Fire-Flow Calculation Area 453

B105 Fire-Flow Requirements for Buildings 453

B106 Referenced Standards 453

APPENDIX C FIRE HYDRANT LOCATIONS

AND DISTRIBUTION. 455

Section

ClOl General 455

C102 Location 455

C103 Number of Fire Hydrants 455

CI 04 Consideration of Existing Fire Hydrants … 455

C105 Distribution of Fire Hydrants 455

APPENDIX D FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS

ROADS 457

Section

DlOl General 457

D102 Required Access 457

D103 Minimum Specifications 457

D104 Commercial and Industrial

Developments 458

D105 Aerial Fire Apparatus Access Roads 458

D106 Multiple-Family Residential

Developments 458

D107 One- or Two-Family Residential

Developments 459

APPENDIX E HAZARD CATEGORIES 461

Section

ElOl General 461

E102 Hazard Categories 461

E103 Evaluation of Hazards 464

APPENDIX F HAZARD RANKING 467

Section

FlOl General 467

F102 Referenced Standards 467

APPENDIX G CRYOGENIC FLUIDS— WEIGHT

AND VOLUME EQUIVALENTS. . . 469

Section

GlOl General 469

2006 IFC EXTENDEX 471

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

XI

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-01

ADMINISTRATION

(A) SECTION 101
GENERAL

(1) 101.1 Title. The rules as set forth in Chapter 1301:7-7- of
the Administrative Code shall be known as the “Ohio Fire
Code” abbreviated “OFC”, and hereinafter may also be
referred to as the “state fire code” or “this code”.

(2) 101.2 Scope. This code establishes y?re marshal rules for
the administration and enforcement of authorities granted to
the fire marshal and fire code officials in Chapters 3701.,
3731., 3737., 3741., 3743., 3781., and 3791. of the Revised
Code including but not limited to, regulations affecting or relat-
ing to structures, processes, premises and safeguards regard-
ing:

1. The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the stor-
age, handling or use of structures, materials or devices;

2. Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare
in the occupancy of structures or premises;

3. Fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from
occupancy or operation;

4. Matters related to the construction, extension, repair,
alteration or removal of fire suppression or alarm systems.

(a) 101.2.1 Appendices. Provisions in the appendices of
any “International Fire Code” are not adopted as part of
this code.

(3) 101.3 Intent. The purpose of this code is to establish the
minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized
good practice for providing a reasonable level of Ufe safety and
property protection from the hazards of fire, explosion or dan-
gerous conditions in new and existing buildings, structures and
premises and to provide safety to fire fighters and emergency
responders during emergency operations.

(4) 101.4 Severability. If a section, subsection, sentence,
clause or phrase of this code is, for any reason, held to be
unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the vaUdity of
the remaining portions of this code.

(5) 101.5 Validity. The provisions of this code shall not be
deemed to nullify any provisions of state or federal law. In the
event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or
void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any
of the other parts or provisions hereof, which are determined to
be legal; and it shall be presumed that this code would have
been adopted without such illegal or invalid parts or provisions.

(6) 101.6 Minimum standard. This code shall constitute the
minimum staruiards for safeguarding life and property from fire
and explosion in this state. No political subdivision with the
statutory authority to promulgate afire code may enact afire
code, or parts thereof, that provide a lower threshold of such
safeguards or violate accepted engineering practice involving
public safety. Such political subdivision may promulgate fire
code provisions that exceed the minimum safety requirements
as set forth in this code.

(B) SECTION 102
APPLICABILITY

(1) 102.1 Construction and design provisions. The construc-
tion and design provisions of this code shall apply to:

(a) Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the
adoption of this code.

(b) Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally
in existence at the time of adoption of this code.

(c) Existing structures, facilities and conditions when
identified in specific sections of this code.

(d) Existing conditions not in strict compliance with the
requirements of this code where the conditions consti-
tute a distinct hazard to life or property in the opinion
of the fire code official. If a distinct hazard to life or
property cannot be proven by the fire official by a pre-
ponderance of the evidence, the provisions of this code
shall not apply to an existing building or condition.

(2) 102.2 Administrative, operational and maintenance
provisions. The administrative, operational and maintenance
provisions of this code shall apply to:

(a) Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of
this code.

(b) Existing conditions and operations.

(3) 102.3 Change of use or occupancy. No change shall be
made in the use or occupancy of any structure that would place
the structure in a different division of the same group or occu-
pancy or in a different group of occupancies, unless such struc-
ture is made to comply widi the requirements of this code and
the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis-
trative Code. Subject to the approval of the fire code official,
the use or occupancy of an existing structure shall be allowed to
be changed and the structure is allowed to be occupied for pur-
poses in other groups without conforming to all the require-
ments of this code and the building code as listed in rule
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for those groups, pro-
vided the new or proposed use is less hazardous, based on Ufe
and fire risk, than the existing use.

(4) 102.4 Application of building code. The planning, design
and construction of new buildings and structures to provide the
necessary egress facilities, fire protection, and built-in fire pro-
tection equipment shall be controlled by the building code of
the jurisdiction; and any alterations, additions or changes of
occupancy in buildings required by the provisions of this code
which are within the scope of the building code shall be made in
accordance therewith.

(5) 102.5 Historic buildings. The provisions of this code relat-
ing to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restora-
tion, relocation or moving of buildings or structures shall not be
mandatory for existing buildings or structures identified and
classified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings
when such buildings or structures do not constitute a distinct

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

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hazard to life or property. Fire protection in designated historic
buildings and stractures shall be provided in accordance with
an approved fire protection plan.

(6) 102.6 Referenced codes and standards. The codes and
standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and such codes
and standards shall be incorporated by reference into andf con-
sidered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed
extent of each such reference. Where differences occur
between the provisions of this code and the referenced stan-
dards, the provisions of this code shall apply.

(7) 102.7 Subjects not regulated by this code. Where no
applicable standards or requirements are set forth in this code,
or are contained within other laws, codes, regulations, ordi-
nances or bylaws adopted by the jurisdiction, compliance with
applicable standards of the “National Fire Protection Associa-
tion” or other nationally recognized fu”e safety standards, as
approved, shall be deemed as prima facie evidence of compli-
ance with the intent of this code. Nothing in this paragraph
shall derogate from the authority of the fire code official to
determine compliance with codes or standards for those activi-
ties or installations within th&fire code official’s jurisdiction or
responsibility.

(8) 102.8 Matters not provided for. Requirements that are
essential for the public srfety of an existing or proposed activ-
ity, building or structure, or for the safety of the occupants
thereof, which are not specifically provided for by this code
shall be determined by the fire code official.

(9) 102.9 Conflicting provisions. Where there is a conflict
between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the
specific requirement shall be applicable.

(10) 102.10 Underground storage tanks regulatedby Chapter
1301:7 -9 of the Administrative Code. Underground storage
tank systems subject to regulation by Chapter 1301:7-9 of the
Administrative Code shall comply with the applicable regula-
tions contained therein and the provisions of this code. If the
provisions of this code address similar requirements or are in
conflict with the requirements of Chapter 1301:7-9 of the
Administrative Code, then the provisions of Chapter 1301:7-9
of the Administrative Code shall apply. Underground storage
tank systems not subject to regulation by Chapter 1301:7-9 of
the Administrative Code that are determined by the fire code
official to comply with the installation, abandonment or
removal requirements as set forth in Chapter 1301:7-9 of the
Administrative Code are deemed in compliance with the appli-
cable provisions of paragraphs (D)(2}(k)(3404.2.11),
(D)(2)(m)(3404,2J3} or (D)(2)(n)(3404.2.14) of rule
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. Such tanks are sub-
ject to all other applicable provisions of this code.

(C) SECTION 103
FIRE CODE WITHIN A POLITICAL SUBDIVISION

(1) 103.1 General. A political subdivision may adopt and
enforce afire code in accordance with the provisions of Ohio
law. In the event a political subdivision does not adopt a fire
code, said political subdivision may enforce the Ohio fire code.

(D) SECTION 104
Q^lly|gp^l_ AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITIES

(1) 104.1 General. The fire code official is hereby authorized
to enforce the provisions of this code and shall have the author-
ity to render interpretations of this code, and to adopt policies,
procedures, rules and regulations in order to clarify the applica-
tion of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies, proce-
dures, rules and regulations shall be in comphance with the
intent and purpose of this code and shall not have the effect of
waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.

(a) 104.LL The fire marshal or fire chief of municipal cor-
porations having fire departments or the fire chief of town-
ships having fire departments shall enforce all provisions of
Chapters 3781. and 3791. of the Revised Code, and any
rules promulgated pursuant to those chapters, relating to
fire prevention.

(2) 104.2 Applications and permits. The fire official is autho-
rized to receive applications, review construction documents
and issue permits for construction regulated by this code, issue
permits for operations regulated by this code, inspect the pre-
mises for which such permits have been issued and enforce
compliance with the provisions of this code.

(a) 104.2.1 Plan review for fire protection systems in struc-
tures regulated by the building code as listed in rule
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, For the purposes
of this paragraph, afire code official is authorized to con-
duct plan review of fire protection systems in structures reg-
ulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of
the Administrative Code in accordance with Section 106.1.2
of that code and the provisions of this paragraph. The fire
code official is authorized to:

(i) 104,2.1.1. Receive and review construction docu-
ments when notice is provided to the building code offi-
cial in accordance with Section 106.1.2 of the building
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative
Code.

(ii) 104.2.1.2. Provide to the building official written
findings of the reviewed construction documents for
compliancewiththeprovisionsofthiscode.Foreachele-
ment of the reviewed construction document that does
not meet the requirements of this code, the fire code offi-
cial shall, in that official’s written findings, provide a
specific reference to the relevant sections of this code
that have not been fully satisfied. The fire code official
shall provide the written findings to the building code
official within a timeframe appropriate for compliance
with the building official’s statutory requirements.

(Hi) 104,2.1,3. As necessary to complete the plan review
process, inspect the premises described in the construc-
tion documents.

(iv) 104.2.1.4. Pursuant to division (E) of section 1 I
3791.04 of the Revised Code, the approval of plans and
specifications by the building code official is a “license “
to construct the building or structure in accordance with
the approved plans and specifications.

(3) 104.3 Right of entry. The fire code official shall have the
authority to enter all buildings or vehicles or upon all premises.

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

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within the fire code official’s jurisdiction, at all reasonable
hours to conduct an examination, inspect or investigate to per-
form the duties imposed upon the fire code official by this code.
If such building or premises is occupied, the fire code official
shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If
such building or premises is unoccupied, the fire code official
shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other
person having charge or control of the building or premises and
request entry. If entry is refused, the fire code official has
recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry.

(a) 104.3.1 Warrant. When the fire code official has first
obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy pro-
vided by law to secure entry, an owner or occupant or person
having charge, care or control of the building or premises
shall not fail or neglect, after proper request is made as
herein provided, to permit entry therein by the fire code offi-
cial for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant
to this code.

(4) 104.4 Identification. The fire code official shall carry
proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in
the performance of duties under this code.

(5) 104.5 Notices and orders. The fire code official is autho-
rized to issue such notices or orders as are required to affect
comphance with this code in accordance with paragraph
(I)(109) of this rule.

(6) 104.6 Official records. The fire code official shall keep
official records as required by paragraphs (D)(6)(a)( 104.6.1)
to (D)(6)(d)(104.6.4) of this rule. Such official records shall be
retained in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 149. of
the Revised Code.

(a) 104.6.1 Approvals. A record of approvals shall be main-
tained by the fire code official and shall be available for pub-
lic inspection during business hours in accordance with
applicable laws.

(b) 104.6.2 Inspections. The fire code official shall keep a
record of each inspection made, including notices and
orders issued, showing the findings and disposition of each.

(c) 104.6.3 Fire records. The fire department shall keep a
record of fires occurring within its jurisdiction and of facts
concerning the same, including statistics as to the extent of
such fires and the damage caused thereby, together with
other information as required by the fire code official.

(i) 104.6.3.1 Fire reports. The reports of fire investiga-
tions required by sections 3737.23 and 3737.24 of the
Revised Code shall be reported using coding informa-
tion and procedures prescribed by the United States Fire
Administration in the “National Fire Incident Reporting
System (NFIRS) ” and sent to the fire marshal in a man-
ner approved by the fire marshal. The reports shall
include the “Incident Report,” the “Civilian Casualty
Report,” and the “Fire Service Casualty Report.” Elec-
tronic reporting of fire investigations to the fire marshal
must be in a format approved by both the United States
Fire Administration and the fire marshal as being com-
patible with the current version of the “National Fire
Incident Reporting System.” Any electronic reporting
also must be in a format that is specifically compatible

with the software used by the fire marshal to process such
reports and transmitted in a format that has been
approved by the fire marshal.

(d) 104.6.4 Administrative. Application for modification,
alternative methods or materials and the final decision of the
fire code official shall be in writing and shall be officially
recorded in the permanent records of the fire code official.

(7) 104.7 Approved materials and equipment. All materials,
equipment, devices and methods of construction within the
scope of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the
Administrative Code, shall be approved in accordance with the
provisions of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of
the Administrative Code. Other materials, equipment and
devices approved by the fire code official shall be constructed
and installed in accordance with such approval. The fire code
official ‘s approval ofmaterials, equipment and devices shall be
consistent with the listing and labeling or authenticated
research reports from authoritative sources as set forth in para-
graph (0)(115) of this rule for such materials, equipment and
devices.

(a) 104.7.1 Material and equipment reuse. Materials,
equipment and devices shall not be reused or reinstalled
unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and
placed in good and proper working condition and approved.

(b) 104.7.2 Technical assistance. To determine the accept-
ability of technologies, processes, products, facilities, mate-
rials and uses attending the design, operation or use of a
building or premises subject to inspection by the fire code
official, the fire code official is authorized to require the
owner or agent to provide, without charge to the jurisdic-
tion, a technical opinion and report. The opinion and report
shall be prepared by a qualified engineer, specialist, labora-
tory or fire safety specialty organization acceptable to the
fire code official and shall analyze the fire safety properties
of the design, operation or use of the building or premises
and the facilities and appurtenances situated thereon, to rec-
ommend necessary changes.

(8) 104.8 Modifications by fire marshal. Whenever there are
practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of
the state fire code, the fire marshal, in the fire marshal’s discre-
tion, may modify any provision of the state fire code or any
other administrative rule promulgated by the fire marshal upon
written application by an affected party and upon demonstra-
tion by that party of both of the following:

1. That the modification will not threaten the public health,
safety or welfare; and

2. That the party will provide measures to protect the pub-
lic health, safety and welfare that are substantially
equivalent to the measures otherwise required under the
state fire code.

(a) 104.8.1. A request for modification submitted pursuant
to this rule shall only be considered upon production of any
information or documentation requested by the fire mar-
shal. The particulars of such modification when granted
shall be in writing, entered upon the records of the fire mar-
shal and furnished to the applicant and the authority having
jurisdiction, if said authority is other than the fire marshal.

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE

ADMINISTRATION

(b) 104.8.2. Unless otherwise stipulated by the fire marshal
upon the granting of a modification, each modification
granted pursuant to this paragraph shall automatically ter-
minate one year from the date of its issuance.

(c) 104.8.3. There shall be no automatic renewals of any
modification granted pursuant to this paragraph. Each
modification shall be specifically applied for in writing by
the requesting party and independently considered by the
fire marshal.

(9) 104.9 Alternative materials and methods. The provisions
of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any
material or to prohibit any method of construction not specifi-
cally prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative
has been approved. The fire code official is authorized to
approve an alternative material or method of construction
where the fire code official finds that the proposed design is sat-
isfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this
code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the
purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in
this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance,
durability and safety.

(10) 104.10 Fire investigations. The fire code official in
accordance with Section 3737.24 of the Revised Code shall
have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circum-
stances of any fire or explosion.

(a) 104.10.1 Assistance from other agencies. Police and
other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render
necessary assistance in the investigation of fires when
requested to do so in accordance with the laws of this state.

(11) 104.11 Authority at fires and other emergency inci-
dents. The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge
at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protec-
tion of life or property or any part thereof, shall have the author-
ity to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control
any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the exis-
tence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazard-
ous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary
in the reasonable performance of duty. In the exercise of such
power, the fire chief is authorized to prohibit any person, vehi-
cle, vessel or thing from approaching the scene and is autho-
rized to remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the
scene, any vehicle, vessel or thing which could impede or inter-
fere with the operations of the fire department and, in the judg-
ment of the fire chief, any person not actually and usefully
employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preserva-
tion of property in the vicinity thereof.

(a) 104.11.1 Barricades. The fire chief or officer of the fire
department in charge at the scene of an emergency is autho-
rized to place ropes, guards, barricades or other obstructions
across any street, alley, place or private property in the vicin-
ity of such operation so as to prevent accidents or interfer-
ence with the lawful efforts of the fire department to manage
and control the situation and to handle fire apparatus.

(b) 104.11.2 Obstructing operations. No person shall
obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection
with extinguishment or control of any fire, or actions rela-
tive to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command

of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of
the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a
police officer assisting the fire department.

(c) 104.11.3 Systems and devices. No person shall render a
system or device inoperative during an emergency unless by
direction of the fire chief or fire department official in
charge of the incident.

(d) 104.11.4 Evacuation. The fire department official in
charge of an incident shall be authorized to order the imme-
diate evacuation of any occupied building deemed unsafe
when such building has hazardous conditions that present
imminent danger to building occupants. Persons so notified
shall immediately leave the structure or premises and shall
not enter or re-enter until authorized to do so by the fire
department official in charge of the incident.

(E) SECTION 1
PERMITS

(1) 105.1 General. Permits shall be in accordance with this
paragraph.

(a) 105.1.1 Permits. When required, permits shall be
obtained from the fire code official for installations or opera-
tions regulated by this code. Permit fees, if any, shall be paid
prior to issuance of the permit. Issued permits shall be kept on
the premises designated therein at all times and shall be
readily available for inspection by the fire code official.

(i) 105.1.1.1 Mandatory permits. The following installa-
tions or operations require a permit. Such permits shall
be obtained from the fire code official as follows:

(a) 105.1.1.1.1 Explosives. A permit is required for the
manfacture, processing or storage of explosives and
explosive materials. In addition to any discretionary
permits for explosives required by the local fire code
official, permits for explosives storage and explosive
material storage shall be obtainedfrom the fire marshal.

Exception: Fireworks exhibition storage pursuant
to paragraph (J)(3310) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the
Administrative Code.

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